- Consent Needed and How to Obtain It
- Performance Standards
- Sampling/Monitoring Requirements
- Reporting Requirements
- Non Compliance
- Renewal and Variation
- Pending Legislation
For more detail on the Legislation relevant to this page, please use the following links:
These guidelines have been adopted by a number of nations although implementation of these guidelines is entirely voluntary.
A Ballast Water Management Strategy for North West Europe is currently under development (see the Pending Legislation tab).
IMO have just (November 2014) circulated a list of ballast water management systems (PDF document) that make use of Active Substances which received Basic Approval from IMO.
|Consent Needed:||United Kingdom Oil Pollution Prevention Certificate (UKOPP) or IOPP Certificate required by all tankers > 150 GRT and all ships > 400 GRT. No consent requirements currently in place for management of introduced species from ballast water and sediments. However, see the Performance Standards tab.|
|How to Apply:||Vessel owner/operator must request the Maritime and Coastguard Agency (MCA) conduct a survey of oily water drainage and treatment systems; MCA then issue a certificate.|
|Who to Apply to:||Maritime and Coastguard Agency (MCA).|
|When to Apply:||Certificate is first issued on vessel commissioning and then is renewable on a 5 yearly basis (seethe Renewal and Variation tab).|
Crude oil tankers whose keel was laid after 1 January 1980 of >20,000 tonnes deadweight must have segregated ballast tanks and crude oil washing system in place for cargo tank cleaning. Older tankers of >40,000 tonnes deadweight must also have segregated ballast tanks/crude oil washing system in place.
|Oily Discharges:||The discharge into the sea of oil or oily mixtures from a tanker is prohibited if the tanker is less than 50 nautical miles from land.|
|Ballast Water Management:||Compliance with the MCA Guidance (MGN81) is not at present legally required, but shipping agents and ship owners are strongly urged to ensure that vessel discharging ballast in UK waters comply with the Guidelines. The Guidelines set out requirements for ships including:
|Oily Discharges:||Record all discharges, together with date, time and method of discharge, disposal route, any system failure and accidental oil spills, in the Oil Record Book.|
|Ballast Water:||Records are to be maintained of ballast water uptakes, discharges and exchanges as per the Ballast Water Management Plan.|
|Oily Discharges:||Regular reporting is not required, although backdated entries in the Oil Record Book must be maintained for at least 3 years. Inspections will be undertaken periodically to ensure compliance.|
|Non-Compliance:||Non-compliance would constitute a breach of United Kingdom/International Oil Pollution Prevention Certificates requirements and might be discharge of oily water within a harbour area or failure to properly keep the Oil Record Book. If a discharge outside of legal requirements is made, then it should be recorded in the Oil Record Book which has to be kept available for inspection.|
|UKOPP/IOPP Certificate:||The Certificate must be renewed every 5 years, following inspection by the International Association of Classification Societies (IACS).|
|International Convention for the Control and Management of Ships’ Ballast Water and Sediments:||This Convention was adopted by the IMO on 13 February 2004, however it is not yet in force. The Convention provides for requirements for reception facilities, research and monitoring programmes, ballast water record books, ship survey and certification and technical requirements for the control and management of ships’ ballast water and sediments. Further information can be found in MCA MGN363 (see Guidance under the Legislation tab).A number of guidelines have been developed in order to ensure a uniform implementation of the Convention. Guidelines have been written for:
As it will be 2009 at the earliest before the Convention comes into force and the Guidelines are fully developed and in place, shipping agents, ship owners and masters of UK Flag vessels are strongly urged to comply with the operational guidance in the 1997 Guidelines (see Guidance under the Legislation tab) and begin preparing and implementing for the requirements the new IMO Convention and its supporting Guidelines.
|Ballast Water Management Strategy for North West Europe:||Ballast water scoping studies have been developed for north west Europe and are available on the MCA website. Further information on the status and potential requirements of the Strategy can be found on the MCA Website – Ballast Water.|
|Wildlife Management Legislation Reform:||In 2012 the Law Commission undertook consultation to reform outdated wildlife legislation. Much of the older legislation is out of step with modern requirements, and the principal modern Act – the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 – has been amended to such a degree that it is difficult for any non-specialists to use. A consultation summary paper (PDF document) has been produced as well as a consultation impact assessment (PDF document).|
|Ballast Water Management (BWM):||International Maritime Organisation (IMO) Report to the Marine Environment Protection Committee (PDF document – February 2014)A detailed report which includes topics such as:
|International Convention for the Control and Management of Ship’s Ballast Water and Sediments||The Australian Government is introducing new ballast water management requirements under the Biosecurity Act (2015) for ships engaged in international voyages. Changes include ballast water exchanges to take place 12 nm from the coast or outer edge of the Great Barrier Reef or part of the Torres Strait. More details available here.|
|International Convention for the Control and Management of Ship’s Ballast Water and Sediments||Accession by Finland has triggered the entry into force of the International Convention for the Control and Management of Ships’ Ballast Water and Sediments (BWM Convention), a key international measure for environmental protection that aims to stop the spread of potentially invasive aquatic species in ships’ ballast water. The BWM Convention will enter into force on 8 September 2017.|
|OSPAR/HELCOM Joint Task Group on Ballast Water Exemptions:||OSPAR and the Baltic Marine Environment Protection Commission (HELCOM) (PDF document) are working together to develop joint guidelines for the granting of exemptions under the International Maritime Organisation’s (IMO) Convention on Ballast Water Management. The focus will be on developing common guidance on port surveys, target species selection, risk assessment methodologies and administrative procedures.|