Waste – Transfer of Hazardous and Special Waste
- Consent Needed and How to Obtain It
- Performance Standards
- Sampling/Monitoring Requirements
- Reporting Requirements
- Non Compliance
- Renewal and Variation
- Pending Legislation
All Special/Hazardous Waste is subject to the same Duty of Care requirements which apply to Controlled Waste. Consent is not required by the waste producer, but it is the waste producers responsibility to ensure that waste is only transferred to an appropriately licensed carrier who should have a Waste Carrier Registration, Waste Management Licence or Exemption. If in any doubt, contact the EA or SEPA (as appropriate).
Vessels carrying waste from offshore facilities to shore do not need to be registered (see Authorised Transport Purposes). However, under the Merchant Shipping (Dangerous Goods and Marine Pollutants) Regulations 1997, the ship master must ensure that all dangerous goods are handled and stored in a safe manner and marked and labelled appropriately in line with the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) Code.
Transfer of Special/Hazardous Waste onshore requires a Consignment Note to be completed. This requirement includes waste landed from offshore that is then being onward transported.
Note: For Special/Hazardous Wastes, completion of Consignment Notes discharges the requirements of the Duty of Care. Therefore there is no need to also complete Transfer Notes.
|Application and Completion of Consignment Note:||
Producers of Special Waste must apply to SEPA/EA for a Consignment Note, which has a special code entered on it. An application fee of £15 is payable per consignment. The fee must be paid within two months of the request for a Consignment Note. This note must be completed before the transfer of any Special/Hazardous Waste. The Consignment Note must accompany every movement of Special/Hazardous Waste.
The written description must provide as much information as someone else might need to handle the waste safely. It must describe the waste by reference to the appropriate 6 digit code(s) in the European Waste Catalogue (EWC – see Legislation tab). The EWC provides a more precise method of identifying the type of waste by listing waste types according to the process or industries from which they arise.
Note: If transferring Special/Hazardous Waste from offshore, the waste containers must also be labelled to ensure the requirements of the International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code are met.
The Consignment Note is a five part self-carbonising form, which is usually colour coded. The following gives an overview of the procedure for the consignment note. Further detail regarding completion of the form is in Chapter 4 of The Special Waste Regulations 1996. Information regarding repetitive movements of waste of the same description can also be found on the SEPA website.
For guidance on Consignment Note Completion in England and Wales see the EA ‘Standard Procedure‘. Guidance on Consignment Note Completion in Scotland is provided by SEPA in ‘A Guide to Consigning Special Waste‘.
The Consignor (person who causes the waste to be removed from the place where it is being held):
Note: For wastes generated offshore (e.g. platform), Sections A, B and D of the Consignment Note can be completed by the waste producer or his shore agent, provided Part D is amended to include an additional certificate signed by the ship’s master (see SWEN 010).
The Carrier (person who collects and transports waste onshore to another place):
The Consignor (Waste Producer or Vessel Master for backloaded waste from offshore):
The Consignee (the person to whom the waste is being transported) on receiving the waste shall:
|Who to Apply To:||
SEPA/EA for Consignment Note number.
|When to Apply:||
Before transfer of Special Waste.
|Consultation on Waste Management Licensing Regulations:||A recent consultation process for the Waste Management Licensing Regulations and associated amendments has been carried out including legislation relating to waste carriers. See consultation.|
|European Waste Catalogue:||
The requirements of the European Waste Catalogue (EWC) came into force in January 2004. The codes must be used on all waste transfer documentation. The codes are divided into 20 different chapters, some chapters relate to the type of industry or practice which has generated the waste, others to the chemical family of the waste. There is no specific chapter related to the offshore industry, however both drilling activities and onshore terminals are covered.
The practical impacts of the requirements are:
Most waste from commerce and industry are controlled wastes, including materials that are to be recycled (see Waste Classification). Controlled waste includes waste arising from domestic, industrial and commercial premises as well as Special Waste for which there are additional regulations.
Special/Hazardous Waste includes waste that are difficult to treat and wastes that have hazardous properties. Special/Hazardous Wastes include oily waste (e.g. oily rags, cuttings, pigging wastes, well clean up fluids, etc.) and chemical wastes and other hazardous waste such as asbestos.
Radioactive waste may be Special/Hazardous Waste if it has characteristics as defined by the Special/Hazardous Waste Regulations (see Waste Classification).
SEPA has produced guidance to help determine if waste is hazardous/special. Technical Guidance document WM2 contains a consolidated version of the EWC and provides advice on the classification and assessment of this waste.
|Duty of Care:||
There are four basic requirements of the Duty of Care when applied to Controlled Waste including Special/Hazardous Waste:
|Authorised Transport Purposes:||
You can transfer waste to someone for “authorised transport purposes” without them requiring to be registered, this includes:
In terms of shipping waste from offshore facilities, the vessel does not require to be registered. However the waste producer (or importer e.g. supply vessel) should have completed a Consignment Note (see the Consent Needed tab), for this to be handed on to the Registered Waste Carrier once the waste reaches shore.
|EC Regulation 850/2004 on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs):||These Regulations entered into force in May 2004 and the UK is required to record releases of substances including dioxins, PCBs, furans and PAHs and draw up plans to reduce emissions.Operators are to undertake shipments of waste (containing POPs substances) to shore in line with any EA/SEPA Guidance.|
See the Consent Needed tab. Copies must be kept for a minimum of 3 years.
SEPA/EA will make inspections of facilities which collect/transport or recover/dispose of waste, or which arranges for the recovery/disposal of waste on behalf of others.
SEPA/EA may serve notice on a waste holder requesting copies of relevant documents (Consignment notes) within seven days.
|Relevant convictions||Guidance on Relevant convictions for waste environmental permits|
|Reporting of Non-compliance:||
If the operator believes that his waste is not being dealt with in accordance with the requirements of the law, he must firstly prevent further transfer of waste to the suspected party and secondly, notify SEPA/EA.
Failure to comply with the requirements of the Special Waste Regulations 1996 or the Hazardous Waste Regulations is an offence liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale. A fine may be up to £10,000 if the offence can be tried on summary conviction or indictment. If the offence is specified only to be trialled under summary compliant then the maximum fine is £5,000. On indictment, a fine, or imprisonment for up to 2 years, or both may be levied.
Falsification of records or making of false statements is also an offence.
If the Consignee facility rejects the waste (or part of it), the Consignee should indicate on Part E of the consignment note that he does not accept the consignment (or part of it) and the reasoning behind his decision. Copies of the completed note should be distributed by the consignee as described in Consignment Notes (see the Consent Needed tab).
The Consignor should instruct the Carrier what to do with the rejected waste. If the waste is to be returned to the premises where it was produced/collected, no new consignment note is required. However, the carrier’s copy of the original note indicating that the waste was rejected must accompany the waste on the return journey. If only part of the original consignment was rejected, the consignment note (and any carrier’s schedule as appropriate) must be annotated in Section B to accurately reflect the load being returned.
If the waste is to be sent to alternative, suitably licensed facilities, a new consignment note is required. However, there is no need to provide at least 72 hours pre-notification for this movement. Parts A and B of the new consignment note should be completed to reflect the destination of the waste and the details of the consignment that was rejected. The new consignment note must have a record of the original consignment note code referenced. The Carrier shall complete part C of the new consignment note.
The Consignor shall complete Part D of the note, retain one copy (green) and give the remaining copies to the Carrier for transport with the waste. The Carrier, may where he has received written instruction from the Consignor to that effect, complete Part D on the Consignor’s behalf and forward a copy (green) of the consignment note, with Parts A to D completed, to the Consignor. The Consignment Note should then be carried and completed as described in Consignment Notes (see the Consent Needed tab).
|Renewal of Waste Carrier Licence:||
Registrations are valid for three years and apply throughout the UK.
|Scotland’s Zero Waste Plan:||The Scottish Government has adopted Zero Waste as a goal for Scotland. This means eliminating unnecessary use of raw materials; sustainable design; resource efficiency and waste prevention. View Scotland’s Zero Waste Plan here (PDF document).|
|Proposals for an Integrated Framework of Environmental Regulation:||The proposals outlined by SEPA will deliver a simpler legislative framework which will enable SEPA to focus greatest effort on the environmental problems that matter most. It will provide a more consistent range of enforcement tools so that, proportionate and effective action can be taken against those who would damage the environment. The consultation that has been undertaken is built on previous consultations focusing on changes to the structure of environmental protection legislation in order to create a new, integrated framework for the permissions (licences, permits, rule, etc.) which will be used to control activities which could harm the environment.|